Apollo 1initially designated ASwas the first manned mission of the United States Apollo program the program to land the first men on the Moon. Chaffee —and destroyed the Command Module CM.
The ignition source of the fire was determined to be electrical, and the fire spread rapidly due to combustible nylon material, and the high pressure, pure oxygen cabin atmosphere.
The astronauts' rescue was prevented by the plug door hatch, which could not be opened against the higher internal pressure of the cabin. Because the rocket was unfueled, the test was not considered hazardous, and emergency preparedness for the test was poor. Webbwho was unaware of the document's existence, and attracted controversy to the Apollo program. Despite congressional displeasure at NASA's lack of openness, both congressional committees ruled that the issues raised in the report had no bearing on the accident.
Manned Apollo flights were suspended for 20 months while the Command Module's hazards were addressed. The first successful manned Apollo mission was flown by Apollo 1's backup crew on Apollo 7 in October AS was to test launch operations, ground tracking and control Astronaut dating divas printables for toddlers and the performance of the Apollo-Saturn launch assembly and would have lasted up to two weeks, depending on how the spacecraft performed.
Block II would be test-flown with the LM when the latter was ready, and would be used on the Moon landing flights. But Eisele dislocated his shoulder twice aboard the KC weightlessness training aircraftand had to undergo surgery on January Grissom declared his intent to keep his craft in orbit for a full 14 days. A newspaper article published on August 4,referred to the flight as 1". The camera would also be used to allow flight controllers to monitor the spacecraft's instrument panel in flight.
Grissom's crew received approval in June to design a mission patch with the name Apollo 1. The Moon is seen in the distance, symbolic of the eventual program goal. A yellow border carries the mission and astronaut names with another border set with stars and stripes, trimmed in gold.
The insignia was designed by the crew, with the artwork done by North American Aviation employee Allen Stevens. In OctoberJoseph F.
In a spacecraft review meeting held with Shea on August 19, a week before deliverythe crew expressed concern about the amount of flammable material mainly nylon netting and Velcro in the cabin, which both astronauts and technicians found convenient for holding tools and equipment in place.
Although Shea gave the spacecraft a passing grade, after the meeting they gave him a crew portrait they had posed with heads bowed and hands clasped in prayer, with the inscription:. It isn't that we don't trust you, Joe, but time we've decided to go over your head.
Shea gave his staff orders to tell North American to remove the flammables from the cabin, but did not supervise the issue personally. But that was not all; an additional engineering change orders were made and completed after delivery.
Altitude testing was performed first unmanned, then with both the prime and backup crews, from October 10 through December Astronaut dating divas printables for toddlers this testing, the Environmental Control Unit in the Command Module was found to have a design flaw, and was sent back to the manufacturer for design changes and rework.
Also during this time, a propellant tank in Service Module had ruptured during testing at NAA, prompting the separation of the modules and removal from the chamber so the Service Module could be tested for signs of the tank problem. These tests were negative.